Having a septic system installed can be a large and costly project. Ensure that you are getting the right system for your needs by considering things such as size and location, whether you should include a septic tank aerator, and looking at different septic pumps.
A septic system relies on bacteria to help break down waste. In a typical septic system, these bacteria are mostly anaerobic, meaning they use little to no oxygen. In septic systems that include septic tank aerators, outside air is added to the tank through pipes to allow the bacteria to work aerobically. This is sometimes preferable because it can allow the bacteria to work more efficiently and the water will be clearer when it leaves the septic tank. This can be especially useful if you do not have a lot of room for a large drain field. However, septic tank aerators can add to the cost of your septic system installation, and they are electric so there can be ongoing electrical costs when they need work done. Professional providers of septic tank services and products (www.wastewaterpro.com/) can help you determine if septic tank aerators are right for your system.
You will also need to decide if your system needs a septic tank pump. Your septic service providers will evaluate the elevation and water table in your area. If the elevation of the distribution box and/or the drain field is going to be higher than that of the septic tank, you will need a submersible septic system pump in the last chamber of the septic tank to pump effluent out of the tank when the water level gets to a certain point.
Requirements can vary in different areas, but you need a permit to have a septic system installed and it cannot be too close to any existing structures. When choosing the location for your septic system, you will need to ensure that it is not too close to your home or driveway, and there will be a certain distance required from wells and water lines. You also want to ensure that your septic system is not installed in an area where you will need drive or build. Driving, building, or parking over your septic system can damage it because of the added weight.
The ideal size for your septic tank will depend on the amount of water that is expected to be run through your system on a daily basis. Your septic system installers will estimate this based on the size of your home and the number of people that are likely to live there. Most residential septic tanks are between 750 and 1,250 gallons. The size of your drain field will depend on the size of your septic tank and if you have a septic tank aerator. Usually systems with an aerator can have smaller drain fields than those without, but you won’t know the exact recommendations until you begin looking into the work with a septic services professional.