A septic system has many components and building it can take a few days. When it is complete, your tank, pump, septic tank aerator, and drain field should all work together to treat all wastewater from your home.
A septic system needs to be built by a certified septic system installer. They will first ensure that all the drains in your home properly connect to a main pipe. Then, they need to bury a large concrete tank on your property. The size of the tank will depend on the size of your home and how many people are expected to be using the system. Most residential septic tanks are between 750 and 1,250 gallons. Your septic service providers will need to use heavy machinery to dig the hole for the septic tank, which means that professional installation is required. If necessary, your septic tank installers will include a septic aerator and a Blue Diamond pump in your septic tank. Once the tank is in place, it will be covered with dirt and your septic service providers will install septic tank lids and risers to ensure access to the system is available.
Septic tank lids and covers allow access to the tank after the installation is complete. Often, the septic tank lids will remain above ground so they can be found easily. You can learn more about septic tank lids and covers at https://wastewaterpro.com/ along with looking through many of the available options.
Installing a septic system also includes building a drain field. This made up of rows of perforated pipes buried a few feet below the ground. The size and location of your drain field will depend on the size of your tank, whether or not it includes an aerator, and the soil in your area.
Once your septic system is up and running, all waste water from your home will go to the septic tank. The tank will most likely have multiple chambers, and in the first chamber solids will settle to the bottom of the tank. Water will flow to the second chamber where it will settle further. Naturally occurring bacteria will help to break down waste. If you have a septic tank aerator, it will be in the second chamber and it will add oxygen to the tank to allow the bacteria to work more efficiently.
The water that is left after solids have settled and bacteria has done its work is called effluent. The effluent flows from the septic tank to the drain field. In some septic systems, this happens naturally, but if the drain field is at a higher elevation you will need a Blue Diamond pump to send the effluent out of the septic tank effectively and safely. In the drain field, the water is released from the pipes into the ground where it is filtered by the soil.